JUSTICE uses the unrivalled professional and cross-party expertise of our membership to make up working parties which guide and support particular JUSTICE projects. Throughout our history we have used such working parties – which have been responsible for some of our most influential and significant reports – in order to enable us to draw, as fully as possible, upon our members’ vast range of expertise and experience.
Current working parties
JUSTICE has long been concerned that the criminal justice system is not suitably designed to accommodate people with mental health or learning difficulties. Its underlying principle of bringing perpetrators of crime to justice, and justification for infringing the liberty of members of society based on punishment, deterrence and rehabilitation fail starkly when mental illness is introduced. This Working Party will be developing robust and practical recommendations – covering all stages of the criminal process – that can be tested with relevant practitioners.
The Judicial Diversity Working Party is considering appointments to the Circuit Bench, High Court and Court of Appeal in England & Wales, and to the UK Supreme Court. Its focus is on gender and ethnic diversity, recognising their relationship to social mobility, though mindful of maximising inclusion for people with other protected characteristics such as LGBT people, and people with disabilities.
The first JUSTICE working party in Scotland looks at the uptake and provision of legal advice during police detention. A startling 75 per cent of suspects in Scotland are estimated to waive the right to legal advice prior to police interview. In England the corresponding figure is around 55 per cent. The Working Party will examine the current processes by which advice is provided to suspects and present recommendations to increase their effectiveness.
Research has identified a disconnect between professional court users and lay people engaged in the trial process. Legal processes and constructs are confusing and distressing for the parties in cases, yet little effort has been made to truly address this. The court remains in the first instance the work place of legal professionals. As we reconfigure the court estate, and accommodate far more litigants in person, the role of the adversarial trial and legal professionals in communication of justice must be reviewed. This Working Party will aim to improve the participation of court users in their own proceedings.
Previous working parties
This working party, launched in 2014, focused on the civil courts and tribunals. It recommended the introduction of a new primary dispute resolution officer (a “registrar”) who will be responsible for proactively case managing disputes as well as actively resolving the majority of cases through a combination of mediation and early neutral evaluation. Another recommendation was an integrated online and telephone platform offering comprehensive legal information, advice and assistance, helping litigants to navigate their way through the newly reformed justice system. These recommendations are forming the basis of the current civil court reforms.
Over the course of 2015 this JUSTICE working party was tasked with reviewing the current processes that lead to complex and lengthy criminal trials. These constitute a specific and longstanding concern of the criminal justice system. They require vast resources and have only got longer and more unmanageable as advances in technology have given rise to more and more electronic material, which must be reviewed, disclosed and then presented effectively at trial. The Working Party presented a series of recommendations designed to deliver increased efficiency and effectiveness within the criminal justice processes, while maintaining the absolute right to a fair trial. We continue to discuss with police, practitioners, judiciary and Government how these recommendations can be implemented as part of digitisation of the criminal justice system.
In 2015, this working party was launched to challenge long-held notions of what is required of a court or tribunal and inform the HMCTS Reform Programme. The Working Party emphasised the importance of technology, and its potential to meet user needs and maximise access to justice. It also suggested a portfolio of Flagship Justice Centres; Local Justice Centres; ‘Pop-up courts’; remote access justice facilities; and flexible digital justice spaces. Our ideas are being implemented by HMCTS as it re-designs the courts.